In order to promote the political, social, economic and cultural development of Austronesian peoples, enhance periodical collaboration and exchange among Austronesian peoples, and increase the global understanding and respect toward the Austronesian cultures, the Council of Indigenous Peoples held the 2002 Assembly of Austronesian Leaders and has held the International Austronesian Conference annually since 2003, inviting researchers in the field of Austronesian research to discuss related issues, including the regional social development, the inheritance of knowledge, education and culture, natural ecology and traditional territories, economic development, tourism and cultural industries. We expect to build the dialogue platform of Austronesian discourses as the basis to promote continuous works through the conference, and to present the international features of cultural and biological diversity of indigenous peoples. This year, we intend to invite researchers and participants concerned with indigenous affairs to propose analyses and discourses regarding “Territorial Governance and Cultural Heritage” along with other topics associated with the modern development of indigenous peoples, expecting to encourage the awareness of issues about Austronesian peoples and strengthen regional links. Furthermore, we expect to establish the platform for agendas and actions. Environment is the material basis that shapes the concepts of the person and the universe of specific peoples, the soil to breed indigenous knowledge systems, as well as the source of traditional kinship links, and the lifeline of economic production. Space issues, such as ecological environment, land and traditional territories, are the root of cultural preservation and the cultural heritage of peoples. These issues in reference to sovereignty and identity recognition have become significant in the historical process in which the indigenous peoples have faced decolonization and post modern development in Taiwan, and are the core focus in the dialogue of Austronesian social development and research discourses over the world. Indigenous peoples in many countries has faced the problems about the loss of land and culture, and the inheritance of traditional knowledge. We expect to compare the development experiences among different countries during the conference, providing the references for the policy dialogue and the following promoting campaign.